Diabetes Causes and Management!

What Are The Causes Of Diabetes And How Is It Managed?

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of sugar in the bloodstream. It has two variants, namely, type 1 diabetes because of the loss of insulin- manufacturing cells in the pancreas, which in turn leads to insulin deficiency, and type 2 diabetes that comes from insulin resistance or cellular inability to make use of insulin. The number of cases of diabetes is increasing rapidly globally, but most notably in developed countries. As of 2010, roughly 285 million individuals around the globe have diabetes, with Type 2 DM comprising 9 out of 10 of these cases. It is predicted that by 2030, this number will increase to more than double.

What causes diabetes?

Type 1 diabetes

This kind of diabetes is partly inherited, and it often shows up after an infection. In type 1 DM, the immune system attacks and eliminates insulin-producing cells, leaving the body without or minimal insulin. This kind of diabetes is unrelated to lifestyle, and it can come about earlier or in life, in many instances, during childhood.

Type 2 diabetes

This type of diabetes is a lifestyle disease, and it is strongly associated with obesity, but not all type 2 DM sufferers are obese. Heredity can also play a role in type 2 diabetes, and environmental factors activates this predisposition. Particular disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome for instance, and some medicines, such as glucocorticoids, can increase the risk for diabetes. Visit this web link to get more about Cases of diabetes.

Diabetes symptoms

Both kinds of diabetes can demonstrate similar signs and symptoms. Diabetes sufferers often experience excessive thirst and consequently frequent need to pee, frequent and intense food cravings and fatigue as a result of cellular starvation, and recurrent infections. Inexplicable weight loss may also be experienced, but not in all cases. Inadequately managed diabetes can also cause microvascular changes, which can lead to blurred vision, slow-healing wounds especially in the feet, and reduced sensation in the hands and feet, which increases their likelihood of being wounded without them knowing.


Currently, there are no proven cures yet for diabetes, but it can be managed effectively and complications can be prevented by using medications, like insulin and oral hypoglycemics, and lifestyle changes, including healthy eating and improving physical activity. Daily checking of blood sugar and regular check-ups with a doctor are also necessary to monitor the effectiveness of medical management as well prevent or detect complications. For diabetes that is tough to control, a pancreas transplant is also a solution, but only employed as a last resort. It is also crucial that you stop smoking and restrict alcohol intake because these can accelerate the development of complications. See more here to discover more about Cases of diabetes.


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