What Are The Causes Of Diabetes And How Is It Managed?
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic condition characterized by high levels of
sugar in the bloodstream. It has two variants, namely, type 1 diabetes because
of the loss of insulin- manufacturing cells in the pancreas, which in turn leads
to insulin deficiency, and type 2 diabetes that comes from insulin resistance or
cellular inability to make use of insulin. The number of cases of diabetes is
increasing rapidly globally, but most notably in developed countries. As of
2010, roughly 285 million individuals around the globe have diabetes, with Type
2 DM comprising 9 out of 10 of these cases. It is predicted that by 2030, this
number will increase to more than double.
What causes diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes
This kind of diabetes is partly inherited, and it often shows up after an
infection. In type 1 DM, the immune system attacks and eliminates
insulin-producing cells, leaving the body without or minimal insulin. This kind
of diabetes is unrelated to lifestyle, and it can come about earlier or in life,
in many instances, during childhood.
Type 2 diabetes
This type of diabetes is a lifestyle disease, and it is strongly associated
with obesity, but not all type 2 DM sufferers are obese. Heredity can also play
a role in type 2 diabetes, and environmental factors activates this
predisposition. Particular disorders, polycystic ovary syndrome for instance,
and some medicines, such as glucocorticoids, can increase the risk for diabetes.
Visit this web
link to get more about Cases of diabetes.
Both kinds of diabetes can demonstrate similar signs and symptoms. Diabetes
sufferers often experience excessive thirst and consequently frequent need to
pee, frequent and intense food cravings and fatigue as a result of cellular
starvation, and recurrent infections. Inexplicable weight loss may also be
experienced, but not in all cases. Inadequately managed diabetes can also cause
microvascular changes, which can lead to blurred vision, slow-healing wounds
especially in the feet, and reduced sensation in the hands and feet, which
increases their likelihood of being wounded without them knowing.
Currently, there are no proven cures yet for diabetes, but it can be managed
effectively and complications can be prevented by using medications, like
insulin and oral hypoglycemics, and lifestyle changes, including healthy eating
and improving physical activity. Daily checking of blood sugar and regular
check-ups with a doctor are also necessary to monitor the effectiveness of
medical management as well prevent or detect complications. For diabetes that is
tough to control, a pancreas transplant is also a solution, but only employed as
a last resort. It is also crucial that you stop smoking and restrict alcohol
intake because these can accelerate the development of complications. See
more here to discover more about Cases of diabetes.